Science

All-nighter: staying up to fight malaria

Nature.com - Mon, 11/22/2021 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03500-8

Victor Chaumeau collects mosquitoes in Myanmar to better understand how to control malaria.

The art critic in the machine tells forgeries from the real thing

Nature.com - Mon, 11/22/2021 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03447-w

A neural network can use the surface roughness of a painting to tell one person’s brushstrokes from another’s.

Battery-powered trains offer a cost-effective ride to a cleaner world

Nature.com - Mon, 11/22/2021 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03448-9

A battery system could power a train for hundreds of kilometres before needing a charge of renewable energy.

Mini-machine can chop and channel proteins

Nature.com - Mon, 11/22/2021 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03502-6

Scientists’ creation can cut proteins into pieces and thread them through a molecular tunnel.

Michael Rutter (1933–2021)

Nature.com - Mon, 11/22/2021 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03498-z

Child psychiatrist who transformed understanding of autism.

China creates vast research infrastructure to support ambitious climate goals

Nature.com - Mon, 11/22/2021 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03491-6

Carbon-neutrality institutes, and other initiatives to support a pledge to achieve net zero by 2060, are popping up like mushrooms across China.

Cuba’s bet on home-grown COVID vaccines is paying off

Nature.com - Mon, 11/22/2021 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03470-x

Preprint data show that a three-dose combo of Soberana jabs has 92.4% efficacy in clinical trials.

How dogs became humans’ best friends: from Neanderthals to now

Nature.com - Mon, 11/22/2021 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03497-0

A lively tale of evolution, domestication, migration and fellowship.

Archaeologists discover salt workers’ residences at underwater Maya site

Science Daily News - Fri, 11/19/2021 - 15:12
Maya archaeologists have excavated salt kitchens where brine was boiled in clay pots over fires in pole and thatch buildings preserved in oxygen-free sediment below the sea floor in Belize. But where these salt workers lived has been elusive, leaving possible interpretations of daily or seasonal workers from the coast or even inland. This gap left nagging questions about the organization of production and distribution.
Categories: Science

Role of psychotherapists in treatment effectiveness

Science Daily News - Fri, 11/19/2021 - 13:56
New research shows that different psychotherapists use common treatment processes to varying benefits for patients.
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Novel artificial genomic DNA can replicate and evolve outside the cell

Science Daily News - Fri, 11/19/2021 - 13:56
Scientists successfully induced gene expression from a DNA and evolution through continuous replication extracellularly using cell-free materials alone for the first time. By adding the genes necessary for transcription and translation to the artificial genomic DNA, it could be possible to develop artificial cells that can grow autonomously, and it will be expected to produce efficient useful substances.
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A genetic change for achieving a long and healthy life?

Science Daily News - Fri, 11/19/2021 - 13:56
Researchers presented new insights for improving the health span by just regulating the activity of a protein. A research group has identified a single amino acid change in the tumor suppressor protein phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) that dramatically extends healthy periods while maintaining longevity.
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Breeding plants with genes from one parent

Science Daily News - Fri, 11/19/2021 - 13:54
Scientists are a step closer to breeding plants with genes from only one parent. New research led by plant biologists at UC Davis shows the underlying mechanism behind eliminating half the genome and could make for easier and more rapid breeding of crop plants with desirable traits such as disease resistance.
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Wearable tech confirms wear-and-tear of work commute

Science Daily News - Fri, 11/19/2021 - 06:51
Information about worker commutes from smartphones and fitness trackers can predict individual job performance, according to a new study.
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Scientists key in on brain’s mechanism for singing, learning

Science Daily News - Fri, 11/19/2021 - 06:51
New research reveals that specialized cells within neural circuitry that triggers complex learning in songbirds bears a striking resemblance to a type of neural cell associated with the development of fine motor skills in the cortex of the human brain.
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Two is better than one: Single-atom dimer electrocatalyst for green hydrogen production

Science Daily News - Fri, 11/19/2021 - 06:51
Nickel-cobalt metal dimer on nitrogen-doped carbon can catalyze electrolysis under both acidic and basic conditions.
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Researchers use model of hypothalamus to implicate genes associated with sleep, BMI, puberty

Science Daily News - Fri, 11/19/2021 - 06:51
A new study has implicated several genes involved in a variety of bodily functions associated with the hypothalamus, a notoriously difficult-to-study region of the brain. The findings could help clinicians identify potential causes of dysfunction for many important traits regulated by the hypothalamus, such as sleep, stress, and reproduction.
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Specific facial features can help distinguish children from adults

Science Daily News - Fri, 11/19/2021 - 06:49
Identifying specific facial features that can be used to distinguish a child's face from an adult's may offer a useful tool for determining whether children are depicted in indecent images of children, according to new research.
Categories: Science